The Cooper and His Trade

The images here demonstrate how barrels were made in the Middle Ages and Renaissance. Some extant examples of medieval barrels: a medieval barrel from Paul Street, Exeter (detail of hazel hoops), and a barrel used to line a medieval well in York.

See also "The cask age: the technology and history of wooden barrels" by Diana Twede, Packaging Technology and Science (vol. 18, issue 5, June 2005).