Wine Pressing
Wine and the Vine: An Historical Geography of Viticulture and the Wine Trade

Wine: The 8,000 Year-Old Story of the Wine Trade

A Short History of Wine

Ancient Wine: The Search for the Origins of Viniculture

See also these links on medieval winemaking.

  • Mosaic from the pavement of the Church of St. Christopher, Qasr Hiram, 6th century
  • September, The Fécamp Psalter (KB 76 F 13, fol. 9v), c. 1180
  • Grape harvest (probably the pressing of the Grapes of Wrath), Commentarius in Apocalypsin (BNF NAL 1366), end of the 12th century
  • A man operates a winepress, Commentary on the Apocalypse and Book of Daniel (PML M.429, fol. 115r), 1220
  • The winepress of the wrath of God on fols. 13v and 19r of the Apocalypse (Auct. D. 4. 17), c. 1250-1260
  • Christ in the winepress, the Morgan Apocalypse (PML M.524, fol. 18r), c. 1255
  • October, a psalter (Universitätsbibliothek Graz 1029, fol. 2v), c. 1290-1300
  • Wine press of the Grapes of Wrath, Apocalypse (British Library Add. 22493, fol. 4), early 14th century
  • A wine press, the Queen Mary Apocalypse (Brit. Lib. Royal 19 B XV, fol. 27v), first quarter of the 14th century
  • The drunkeness of Noah, the Holkham Bible Picture Book (British Library Add. 47682, fol. 9r), c. 1327-1335
  • Christ in the winepress, fresco at Emmaus Monastery in Prague, c. 1355-1365
  • Þo fift maner of clensyng þat fallis to tribulacion, is clensyng of wyne in þo pressure; for as þo pressure presses þo grapis þat þo preciouse wyne may be departid fro þo dreggis: so god settis þo soule in þo pressure of tribulacion, þat is to saie in sekenes of body, in pursuyng of wickid men, in dethe of frendis, in losse of erthely godis; þat he may clense þo soule of filthes of synne & of wicked lykingis. And þerfore ne put not a-way þo pressure of tribulacion: if þou wilt be sett in celere of Crist, as Salomon saies Cant. first: «Þo kyng led me in to þo wyne-selere»; & seynt Austyn saies þat «Þo martirs in þis lyne are so pressid, þat þo greet mater of hore body laft in þo pressoure, & þo preciouse soules are sett in celere of ayelastyng lyue as preciouse wyne».

    Twelve Profits of Tribulation
    (Yorkshire Writers:
    Richard Rolle of Hampole and his followers
    )

  • Christ in the wine press, wall-painting at the Church of St. Ursula in Cologne, c. 1386-1400
  • A winepress, Tacuinum Sanitatis (BNF NAL 1673, fol. 76), c. 1390-1400
  • A winepress at the South Tyrol Museum of Wine, made c. 1395-1405
  • Christ in the winepress, (ÖNB 3676, fol. 14r), c. 1400-1410
  • Detail from the October fresco at the Castello Buonconsiglio, c. 1405-1410
  • Christ in the winepress (PML M.691, fol. 5r), c. 1405-1410
  • Christ in the winepress, fresco at the church in Karneid, first half of the 15th century
  • October, Prayerbook of Maria von Geldern (Staatsbibliothek Berlin Germ. 42, fol. 11), c. 1415-1425
  • September, the Hours of Marguerite d'Orléans (BNF Latin 1156 B, fol. 9), c. 1426
  • October, the Hours of the Epinay family (Bibliothèque Municipale de Rennes 33 (24), 15941), c. 1426-1450
  • Fortitude stands on a winepress, a book of hours (PML M.359, fol. 119r), c. 1430-1435
  • September, the Hours of Françoise de Dinan (Bibliothèque Municipale de Rennes 34, 15942), c. 1435-1455
  • Christ in the winepress, The Hours of Catherine of Cleves (PML M.917, fol. 121), c. 1440
  • A man pressing wine, Regimen sanitatis (Staatsbibliothek Berlin Germ. 1191, fol. 13), c. 1450
  • Tapestry: The Grape Harvest, Pressing the Grapes, c. 1451-1475
  • September, a prayerbook (Bayerische Staatsbibliothek Lat. 10103), c. 1453-1456
  • A peasant harvesting grapes, Virgil's Georgics (BNF Latin 7939 A, fol. 22), 1458
  • September, the Hours of Adélaïde de Savoie (Musée Condé 76, fol. 9v), c. 1460-1465
  • September, Biblia Pauperum (ÖNB 3085, fol. 8r), 1475
  • A winepress, De proprietatibus rerum (BNF Fr. 9140, fol. 361v), 1480
  • September, the Hours of Sir John Donne, c. 1480-1489
  • The Mystic Winepress, c. 1486-1500
  • September, a prayerbook (Bayerische Staatsbibliothek Lat. 10092, fol. 9), c. 1486-1500
  • A wine press, De proprietatibus rerum (BNF Fr. 218, fol. 373), fourth quarter of the 15th century
  • September, a book of hours (Bibl. Mazarine 502, fol. 10), fourth quarter of the 15th century
  • A wine press, De proprietatibus rerum (British Library IB.41688, Riii verso), 1482
  • Christ in the winepress, Kuttenberger Kantionale (ÖNB Mus. Hs. 15501, fol. 86v), 1490
  • October, the Sforza Hours (British Library Add. 80800), c. 1490
  • September, the Hours of Joanna of Castile (British Library Add. 18852, fol. 10), c. 1496-1506
  • Christ in the winepress, a relief at the Kreuzkapelle at Ediger-Eller, c. 1500
  • September, the Hours of Henry VIII (PML H.8, fol. 5r), c. 1500
  • Press at the Château de Vèves in Celles, 16th century
  • October, the Breviary of Eleanor of Portugal (PML M.52, fol. 6v), c. 1500-1510
  • September, a prayerbook (Bayerische Staatsbibliothek Lat. 28345, fols. 7v-8), c. 1500-1515
  • The punishment of false do-gooders, Triomphe des Vertus (BNF Fr. 144, fol. 76v), first quarter of the 16th century
  • Tapestry: The Grape Harvest (detail), first quarter of the 16th century
  • Christ in the winepress, c. 1510
  • October, The Golf Book (British Library Add 24098, fol. 27v), c. 1520-1530
  • Christ in the winepress by Albrecht Dürer, 1538
  • Christ in the winepress, c. 1550